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300+ Basic Russian Words You NEED to Know Before Travelling to Russia

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Essential Russian Phrases for Travel
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Visiting Russia or just want to learn basic Russian words? Then you need to learn these essential Russian phrases for travel. Plus, 6 travel tips and surprising local customs you should know.

Many believe Russian to be one of the hardest foreign languages to master and feel apprehensive about learning it. Like any foreign language, Russian is not without its difficulties. However, it is also a beautiful language full of hilarious Russian idioms making any challenges you face quite fun to overcome.

You don’t have to learn the entire Russian language to be travel fluent. Just being able to understand the most useful Russian phrases and expressions will make all the difference when it comes to comprehension.  In this guide, we will take a look at the Russian language, its history, its alphabet, and some of its features that can present challenges for the learners or that every Russian learner (and traveller) should know about.

If you’re a more serious learner, then make sure you join Uncovered Russian which will take even complete beginners to a solid intermediate level al by using the power of Story Learning. Get your FREE trial of Uncovered Russian here.

Let’s take a closer look at the Russian language. Here’s what we’ll cover:

Table of Contents

How many people speak Russian?

With over 250 million speakers all over the world, Russian is the world’s eighth most widespread language. It is the official language of Russia, with a population of nearly 150 million people, as well as Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan.

Where is Russian spoken?

Russian is also rather wide-spread in the former Soviet republics, which include Azerbaijan, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

There are considerable communities of Russian-speakers in other countries of the world, including Cyprus, Finland, Turkey, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Canada, Australia, China, the United States, Argentina, and Israel. In the USA, there are over a million Russian speakers, with more than 100,000 in California alone.

A quick history of Russian

Russian is an Indo-European language. This means that if we go back in history, it has the same roots as English or French – but we will have to go way back for that, as the ancient Proto-Indo-European is believed to have been spoken as a single language from 4500 BCE to 2500 BCE.

At around 1500–1000 BCE, the Proto-Slavic language emerged, the language spoken by the Slavic tribes that began to settle in Eastern Europe. This language eventually developed into the Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family, including such languages as Russian, Czech, Polish, Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian, and others.

As a separate language, Russian emerged in the middle ages. It was heavily influenced by Church Slavonic used by the Russian Orthodox Church at that period. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, various attempts at standardizing the Russian language were made. Eventually, standard Russian, based on the Moscow dialect, became the official language of the country in the mid-19th century.

Russian dialects are roughly divided into Northern, spoken in the northern and north-eastern parts of European Russia; Southern, spoken in the western and southern parts of European Russia; and Central or Middle, located between the two. The dialects of Siberia and the Far East can be of any of these three groups, depending on where the settlers of this or that region came from. There are also smaller local variations and dialects of Russian spoken in other countries, such as Kazakhstani or Kyrgyzstani Russian.

Russian Phrases - Novodevichy convent in Moscow

The Russian alphabet (Алфавит)

Russian is written using the Cyrillic alphabet. This alphabet was developed in the 9th century CE, based on the Greek script with the addition of several laters of the old Glagolitic alphabet. The alphabet underwent several reforms until its ‘final’ version after the reforms of Peter the Great in the 18th century.

The modern Russian alphabet has twenty consonants, ten vowels, one semi-vowel, and two modifier letters that change a preceding consonant but are not pronounced themselves.

Below is a table of the Russian alphabet including pronunciation. I’ve you’re not familiar with how to use the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), I’ve also included the closest equivalent transliteration.

Russian Letter Transliteration IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)
А a a
Б b b
В V v
Г G ɡ
Д D d
Е E je
Ё YO jo
Ж ZH ʐ
З Z z
И I i
Й J j
К K k
Л L l
М M m
Н N n
О O o
П P p
Р R r
С S s
Т T t
У U u
Ф F f
Х H x
Ц TS ts
Ш SH ʂ
Ы Y ɨ
Ь ʲ
Э E e
Ю YU ju
Я YA ja

The Russian alphabet can seem confusing at first. There are letters that look like the letters in English and have relatively similar sounds (а, к, м), but there are also letters that look familiar but are pronounced differently (н, р, х) and letters that look completely unfamiliar and weird (ж, ф, ы).

One of the best ways to learn the Russian alphabet is to ‘divide and conquer’ the letters:

  • Start with the friendliest ones, that look and sound similar to the letters of the English alphabet: A, E, K, M, O, and T.
  • Move on to letters that look different but represent familiar sounds: Б, Г, Д, Ш, З, Ф, П, Л, Э, Ч, И, and Ю.
  • Then you can tackle the letters that represent sounds that don’t exist in the English language (Ё, Ж, Й, Щ, Ц, Я, Ь, Ъ,
  • and Ы) and the tricky ones that look familiar but sound differently (B, H, P, C, У, and X).

My tip? Don’t rush this process. Take your time to practice these letters sufficiently. The alphabet is one of the basics of any language, and you wouldn’t want to go back to revise it when you start learning more complex things.

Russian pronunciation

Russian pronunciation is fairly phonetic: one letter usually corresponds to one sound and words are pronounced just as they are written. See if you can read these Russian words: том, кот, мама, ком. You can probably pronounce them well enough even without any knowledge of Russian.

But of course, things are never that simple and there are a few rules you need to remember to pronounce and read Russian correctly. Here are a few of them:

  • The Russian /r/ is rolled. Try saying words like ‘bottle’ or ‘butter’ really fast to achieve a similar sound. You can also check out YouTube tutorials on how to roll your /r/.
  • The unstressed O is pronounced as /a/ – корова (cow) is pronounced /ka-rO-va/.
  • The vowels Е, Ё, Ю, and Я usually palatalize the previous consonant.
  • A consonant at the end of the word is always unvoiced. That’s why the word ‘код’ (code) is pronounced /кот/, the same way as the word ‘кот’ (cat).
  • The letter Ё is always stressed.
  • The soft sign Ь is not pronounced, it indicates that the previous consonant is palatalized: кровь (blood) – /krov’/.
  • The hard sign Ъ acts like a ‘silent back vowel’ and separates the consonant from the following soft vowel, and indicates that this vowel is iotized: объект (object) – /ob’’yekt/.

These are just a few of the basic rules to get you started. Of course,  you will need to study Russian pronunciation in more detail to speak the language correctly.

Essential Russian Phrases - St Basil's Cathedral Moscow

Russian grammar

Russian is a heavily inflected language, meaning, where an English noun or verb has just two or three forms, Russian words can have dozens of forms to correspond to different cases, tenses, and other grammatical structures.

No article would be enough to describe in detail the grammar of the Russian language – you’ll need at least one hefty textbook for that, if not more. We will only touch upon some of the key features of Russian grammar that are important to learn even if you are brushing up on your Russian for a short trip.


Nouns in Russian have the category of gender: each noun is masculine, feminine, or neuter. The grammatical gender has nothing to do with the physical characteristics of an object and can be hard to remember. There are just a few words describing men and women, family members, and professions whose grammatical gender (masculine or feminine) corresponds to the actual gender of the person they describe. Example: учитель (masc., a (male) teacher), учительница (fem., a (female) teacher). The gender of nouns is important to remember because it affects other parts of speech: adjectives, pronouns, and even verbs in some of the forms.

Politeness: Using the formal and informal ‘you’

The English language has just one form of ‘you’ that is used for the second person both singular and plural, in both formal and informal situations. In Russian, 2nd person singular is ‘ты’ and 2nd person plural is ‘вы’. The capitalized ‘вы’ is also used to address one person in a formal situation. In this case, plural verbs are also used. Example: Ты хорошо выглядишь – You look nice (2nd person singular, informal); Вы хорошо выглядите – You look nice (2nd person, plural or 2nd person singular, formal). When meeting someone for the first time, the polite form is preferable until you get to know them better or you mutually agree to use the more informal ‘ты’.


There are six cases in the Russian language, and a Russian noun thus has 12 different forms (6 singular and 6 plural). Adjectives and pronouns have to agree with the nouns they describe in number, gender, and case, so they have quite a few different forms as well. Cases may be one of the most ‘annoying’ parts of Russian grammar, with all the different inflections you have to remember. However, it is mostly a matter of repetition and regular practice – and with a bit of effort and patience, you’ll be the master of Russian cases.

Essential Russian Phrases for Travel - The Izmailovo Kremlin

6 Top Travel tips and Russian Culture

When travelling to a foreign country, it is important to know a little about its culture and traditions. In Russia, people are generally quite welcoming to foreigners, and there aren’t many strict cultural rules breaking which can lead to severe misunderstanding.

The most important rule is to be polite, attentive to others, and open-minded. However, following some of the common customs and traditions will help you avoid misunderstandings and generally have a great time in Russian. Here are a few of them:

  1. Bring a gift. When you are invited to someone’s home, especially for the first time or for some holiday, it is a good idea not to come empty-handed: bring some flowers to the hostess, some dessert or a bottle of wine, a souvenir from your country. And don’t forget to take off your shoes when you enter the house or apartment! You can ask your host for some ‘tapochki’ (slippers) instead.
  2. Don’t smile too much. At a first glance, Russian people can seem rather gloomy and unsmiling. A smile is quite personal in Russia, so don’t expect people on public transport or in the streets to smile back at you.
  3. Respect the elderly. When using public transport, it is a common sign of respect to give up your seat to elderly people.
  4. Follow the dress-code. It is customary to dress more formally when going to a theatre or to a restaurant. You will often still be let in wearing jeans and a T-shirt, but it is quite likely that you will stand out in the crowd of smartly-dressed Russians.
  5. Tip the waiters. It is common to tip around 10% of the bill.
  6. Be formal to be on the safe side. We’ve already discussed formality in the grammar section – if you are not sure if it’s okay to use the informal ‘ты’ and corresponding verb forms, go with the formal forms. This way you’ll never seem disrespectful, and if it’s okay to use ‘ты’, people will often tell you.

Russian words in the English language

There are quite a few words borrowed from English in the Russian language (банк – bank, компьютер – computer, креатив – creativity, менеджер – manager, хот-дог – hot-dog, бар – bar, доктор – doctor, and many others). But did you know that there are words of Russian origin in the English language as well?

Many of these words are connected with Russian cuisine, culture, and history: blini, pirozhki, vodka; glasnost, kadet, okrug, perestroika, soviet; raskol, shaman; kalashnikov, marshrutka.

There are also words related to space exploration (cosmonaut, cosmodrome, sputnik) and the names of some animals (beluga, mammoth, sable).

Essential Russian Phrases for Travel - Moscow River

5 Interesting facts about the Russian language

There are a lot of interesting things about the Russian language – some we have already mentioned above and you will probably learn many more when you start learning the language. Here are a few facts about Russian to keep you interested:

  1. Russian is the language of space. English and Russian are the two languages used on the International Space Stations, and astronauts have to learn Russian as part of their training.
  2. No native words in Russian begin with the letter A – all such words are borrowed from other languages.
  3. People in Russia have patronymics – it is a kind of a middle name derived from the name of your father, with different endings for men (-ovich) and women (-ovna). Aleksandrovich would be the patronymic of a man whose father is called Aleksandr (Alexander), and the patronymic of a woman would be Alexandrovna.
  4. Russian is one of the richest literary languages. Russia has a great literary tradition, and some of the world’s greatest works of literature are in Russian.
  5. The verb ‘to be’ (быть) in Russian is only used in the past and future forms.

The Russian language is not scary at all. It may present some difficulties – all foreign languages do. But it is also beautiful and interesting and represents a great culture.

Basic Russian words and Essential Russian Phrases for Travel

Basic Russian words and Essential Russian Phrases

Common Greetings (Общие приветствия)

English Russian Transliteration
Hello (formal/informal) Здравствуй or привет (informal, singular);
здравствуйте (formal singular or plural)
Zdravstvuj, privet;
Good morning Доброе утро Dobroe utro
Good afternoon Добрый день Dobryj den’
Good evening Добрый вечер Dobryj vecher
Good night Доброй ночи Dobroj nochi
Goodbye До свидания Do svidaniya
See you later Увидимся Uvidimsya
How are you? (formal) Как ваши дела? Kak vashi dela?
How are you? (informal) Как твои дела? Kak tvoi dela?
Well / Very well Хорошо / очень хорошо Horosho/ ochen’ horosho
So-so Так себе Tak sebe
Not bad Неплохо Neploho
I’m not well Мне нехорошо, я не в порядке Mne nekhorosho, ya ne v poryadke
Good, thank you, and you? (formal) Хорошо, спасибо, а ваши? Horosho, spasibo, a vashi?
Good, thank you, and you? (informal) Хорошо, спасибо, а твои? Horosho, spasibo, a tvoi?
What is your name? (formal) Как вас зовут? Kak vas zovut?
What is your name? (informal) Как тебя зовут? Kak tebya zovut?
My name is… Меня зовут … Menya zovut …
Where are you from? (formal) Откуда вы? Otkuda vy?
Where are you from? (informal) Откуда ты? Otkuda ty?
I’m from [Insert name of city] Я из … YA iz …
I’m American (male / female)
I’m English (male / female)
I’m Australian (male / female)
I’m Canadian (male / female)
Я американец / американка
Я англичанин / англичанка
Я австралиец / австралийка
Я канадец / канадка
YA amerikanec / amerikanka.
YA anglichanin / anglichanka.
YA avstraliec / avstralijka.
YA kanadec / kanadka
It’s nice to meet you Приятно познакомиться Priyatno poznakomit’sya

How to be Polite (Как быть вежливым )

English Russian Transliteration
Please (formal) Пожалуйста Pozhalujsta
Please (informal) Пожалуйста Pozhalujsta
Thank you Спасибо Spasibo
Thank you very much Большое спасибо Bol’shoe spasibo
You’re welcome (formal/informal) Пожалуйста; не за что Pozhalujsta; ne za chto
Yes Да Da
No Нет Net
That’s fine / ok Все в порядке Vse v poryadke
Miss / young lady Девушка Devushka
Mrs / madam / ma’am Женщина ZHenshchina
Mr. / Sir Мужчина Muzhchina
Excuse me (to get attention) (informal) Извините, пожалуйста  Izvinite, pozhalujsta
Excuse me (to get past someone ie. in a shop, on the bus) Извините Izvinite
I’m sorry (eg. apologising for bumping into someone) Извините Izvinite
I’m very sorry (used when you regret something) (m/f) Мне очень жаль Mne ochen’ zhal’
Excuse me, Miss / young lady Извините, девушка Izvinite, devushka
Excuse me, madam/ma’am Извините, женщина Izvinite, zhenshchina
Excuse me, Sir Извините, мужчина Izvinite, muzhchina
I don’t understand Я не понимаю YA ne ponimayu
Do you speak English? (formal) Вы говорите по-английски? Vy govorite po-anglijski?
Do you speak English? (informal) Ты говоришь по-английски? Ty govorish’ po-anglijski?
I don’t speak Russian Я не говорю по-русски? YA ne govoryu po-russki?
I only speak a little bit of Russian Я немного говорю по-русски YA nemnogo govoryu po-russki
Can you please repeat that slowly? (formal) Вы не могли бы повторить это помедленнее? Vy ne mogli by povtorit’ eto pomedlennee?
Can you please repeat that slowly? (informal) Ты не мог бы повторить это помедленнее? (to a male)
Ты не могла бы повторить это помедленнее? (to a female)
Ty ne mog by povtorit’ eto pomedlennee? (to a male)
Ty ne mogla by povtorit’ eto pomedlennee? (to a female)
Maybe Может быть Mozhet byt’
I don’t know Я не знаю YA ne znayu
I don’t think so Я так не думаю YA tak ne dumayu
Certainly! / Of course! Конечно! Konechno!
Cheers! (toast) За здоровье! Za zdorov’e!

Asking Questions (Вопросы)

English Russian Transliteration
Where is …? (person / place, location) Где находится …? Gde nahoditsya …?
Where are…? (people / places, locations) Где находятся …? Gde nahodyatsya …?
Where? Где? Gde?
How? Как? Kak?
How much? Сколько? Skol’ko?
Who? Кто? Kto?
When? Когда? Kogda?
Why? Почему? Pochemu?
What? Что? CHto?
Which? Который? Kotoryj?
How much does this cost? Сколько это стоит? Skol’ko eto stoit?
Where is the toilet, please? Где туалет? Gde tualet?
May I have…? Можно мне … ? Mozhno mne … ?
I would like… Я бы хотел … (said by a man);
Я бы хотела … (said by a woman)
YA by hotel … (masc.);
YA by hotela … (fem.)
It’s… Это … Eto …
Could you help me, please? Вы не могли бы мне помочь, пожалуйста? Vy ne mogli by mne pomoch’, pozhalujsta?
Where is a taxi stand? Где стоянка такси? Gde stoyanka taksi?
Where can I find a taxi? Где я могу найти такси? Gde ya mogu najti taksi?
Is the flight delayed? Рейс задерживается? Rejs zaderzhivaetsya?
Is the flight cancelled? Рейс отменен? Rejs otmenen?
Is this seat taken? Это место занято? Eto mesto zanyato?
I’ll be back immediately Я сейчас вернусь YA sejchas vernus’
Please drive me to this address Пожалуйста, отвезите меня по этому адресу Pozhalujsta, otvezite menya po etomu adresu
Can I have a receipt? Дайте мне, пожалуйста, чек. Dajte mne, pozhalujsta, chek.

Eating Out & Ordering Food (Поход в ресторан и заказ еды)

English Russian Transliteration
Restaurant Ресторан Restoran
Can you recommend a good restaurant? (formal) Вы не могли бы порекомендовать хороший ресторан? Vy ne mogli by porekomendovat’ horoshij restoran?
What would you like to order? (waiter asks the table) (formal) Что вы хотели бы заказать? CHto vy hoteli by zakazat’?
How many are you? (waiter asks as you arrive) Сколько вас будет? Skol’ko vas budet?
Breakfast Завтрак Zavtrak
Lunch Обед Obed
Dinner Ужин Uzhin
Aperitif / Starter Аперитив Aperitiv
Entree / introductory course Закуска Zakuska
Main course Основное блюдо Osnovnoe blyudo
Salad Салат Salat
Dessert Десерт Desert
Coffee Кофе Kofe
What would you like to drink? Что вы хотели бы выпить? CHto vy hoteli by vypit’?
I would like another one, please. (i.e: the same thing again) Я хотел бы еще один (masc.) / одну (fem.) / одно (neut.), пожалуйста. YA hotel by eshche odin/odnu/odno, pozhalujsta.
I like my steak rare / medium / well-done Мне нравится стейк слабой прожарки;
Мне нравится стейк средней прожарки;
Мне нравится стейк полной прожарки
Mne nravitsya stejk slaboj prozharki;
Mne nravitsya stejk srednej prozharki;
Mne nravitsya stejk polnoj prozharki
I would like…(used when ordering food) Я бы хотел … (said by a man);
Я бы хотела … (said by a woman)
YA by hotel … (masc.);
YA by hotela … (fem.)
The menu, please Меню, пожалуйста. Menyu, pozhalujsta.
Two beers, please Два пива, пожалуйста. Dva piva, pozhalujsta.
A bottle of wine, please Бутылку вина, пожалуйста. Butylku vina, pozhalujsta.
Red wine Красное вино Krasnoe vino
White wine Белое вино Beloe vino
A bottle of still water Бутылка негазированной воды Butylka negazirovannoj vody
A bottle of sparkling water Бутылка газированной воды Butylka gazirovannoj vody
What do you recommend? (formal) Что бы вы порекомендовали? CHto by vy porekomendovali?
What do you recommend? (informal) Что бы ты порекомендовал? (to a male);
Что бы ты порекомендовала? (to a female)
CHto by ty porekomendoval? (to a male); CHto by ty porekomendovala? (to a female)
Is the sauce spicy? Этот соус острый? Etot sous ostryj?
I’m allergic to… (m/f) У меня аллергия на … U menya allergiya na …
I’m a vegetarian (male) Я вегитарианец YA vegitarianec
I’m a vegetarian (female) Я вегитарианка YA vegitarianka
The bill, please Счёт, пожалуйста Schyot, pozhalujsta
Enjoy your food! Приятного аппетита Priyatnogo appetita
It was delicious! Это очень вкусно! Eto ochen’ vkusno!

Food & Ingredients (Продукты)

English Russian Transliteration
Tomato Помидор Pomidor
Garlic Чеснок CHesnok
Salt Соль Sol’
Pepper Перец Perec
Salad Салат Salat
Chocolate Шоколад SHokolad
Bread Хлеб Hleb
Chicken Курица Kurica
Steak Стейк Stejk
Veal Телятина Telyatina
Meat Мясо Myaso
Fish Рыба Ryba
Artichoke Артишок Artishok
Pumpkin Тыква Tykva
Leek Лук-порей Luk-porej
Peas Горох Goroh
Apple Яблоко YAbloko
Strawberry Клубника Klubnika
Orange Апельсин Apel’sin
Peach Персик Persik
Wine Вино Vino
Water Вода Voda
Juice Сок Sok
Cheese Сыр Syr
Lemon Лимон Limon
Lime Лайм Lajm
Egg Яйцо YAjco
Butter Сливочное масло Slivochnoe maslo
Sugar Сахар Sahar

Getting Around (Транспорт и перемещение)

English Russian Transliteration
I’m lost (male) Я заблудился YA zabludilsya
I’m lost (female) Я заблудилась YA zabludilas’
I would like to go to… Я хотел / хотела бы добраться до … YA hotel / hotela by dobrat’sya do …
How do I get to… Как добраться до … ? Kak dobrat’sya do … ?
Where is…? Where are…? Где находится … ?;
Где находятся …?
Gde nahoditsya … ?;
Gde nahodyatsya …?
the bathroom туалет tualet
the train station вокзал vokzal
the shops магазины magaziny
the restaurant ресторан restoran
the museum музей muzej
the post office почта pochta
the market рынок rynok
the pharmacy аптека apteka
the hospital госпиталь gospital’
the bus stop автобусная остановка avtobusnaya ostanovka
the airport аэропорт aeroport
the information office справочное бюро spravochnoe byuro
the theatre театр teatr
the park парк park
the city/town centre центр города centr goroda
the entrance вход vhod
the exit выход vyhod
the timetable расписание raspisanie
the departure gate выход на посадку vyhod na posadku
What time does it arrive there? Во сколько он прибывает сюда? Vo skol’ko on pribyvaet syuda?
How long does it take to get there? Сколько занимает дорога до туда? Skol’ko zanimaet doroga do tuda?
How much is the fare? Сколько стоит проезд? Skol’ko stoit proezd?
It costs… Проезд стоит … Proezd stoit …
the train поезд poezd
the flight рейс rejs
the baggage/luggage багаж bagazh
I need a taxi Мне нужно такси Mne nuzhno taksi
Please stop here (to a taxi driver) Пожалуйста, остановитесь сдесь Pozhalujsta, ostanovites’ sdes’

Directions (Указания)

English Russian Transliteration
Turn… Поверните… Povernite…
Left Налево Nalevo
Right Направо Napravo
Straight ahead Прямо Pryamo
Towards… По направлению к … Po napravleniyu k …
It’s / It is… … находится … … nahoditsya …
It’s close by Это близко Eto blizko
Opposite Напротив Naprotiv
Behind Позади Pozadi
Under Под Pod
In front of Напротив Naprotiv
Past Мимо Mimo

Sightseeing (Достопримечательности)

English Russian Transliteration
I would like to buy Я хотел бы купить YA hotel by kupit’
a ticket билет bilet
two tickets два билета dva bileta
two adult (fares) два взрослых билета dva vzroslyh bileta
one child (fare) один детский билет odin detskij bilet
one student (fare) один студенческий билет odin studencheskij bilet
one senior (fare) один билет для пенсионеров odin bilet dlya pensionerov

Numbers (Числа)

English Russian Transliteration
0 ноль nol
1 один odin
2 два dva
3 три tri
4 четыре chetyre
5 пять pyat
6 шесть shest
7 семь sem
8 восемь vosem
9 девять devyat
10 десять desyat
11 одиннадцать odinnadcat
12 двенадцать dvenadcat
13 тринадцать trinadcat
14 четырнадцать chetyrnadcat
15 пятнадцать pyatnadcat
16 шестнадцать shestnadcat
17 семнадцать semnadcat
18 восемнадцать vosemnadcat
19 девятнадцать devyatnadcat
20 двадцать dvadcat
30 тридцать tridcat
40 сорок sorok
50 пятьдесят pyat’desyat
60 шестьдесят shest’desyat
70 семьдесят sem’desyat
80 восемьдесят vosem’desyat
90 девяносто devyanosto
100 сто sto
1000 тысяча tysyacha

Telling the Time (Время)

English Russian Transliteration
Today Сегодня Segodnya
Tomorrow Завтра Zavtra
The day after tomorrow Послезавтра Poslezavtra
Yesterday Вчера Vchera
Now Сейчас Sejchas
Soon Скоро Skoro
Later Позже Pozzhe
What time is it? Сколько времени? Skol’ko vremeni?
What time does it open? Во сколько открывается … ? Vo skol’ko otkryvaetsya … ?
When does it close? Когда закрывается … ? Kogda zakryvaetsya … ?
in the morning утром utrom
in the afternoon днём dnyom
in the evening вечером vecherom
It’s 1 o’clock Час. CHas.
It’s 10 o’clock Десять часов. Desyat’ chasov.
It’s half past 8 Половина девятого. Polovina devyatogo.
a minute минута minuta
an hour час chas

Days of the Week (Дни недели)

English Russian Transliteration
Monday Понедельник Ponedel’nik
Tuesday Вторник Vtornik
Wednesday Среда Sreda
Thursday Четверг CHetverg
Friday Пятница Pyatnica
Saturday Суббота Subbota
Sunday Воскресенье Voskresen’e

Emergencies (Чрезвычайные ситуации)

English Russian Transliteration
Help! Помогите! Pomogite!
I need a doctor Мне нужен врач Mne nuzhen vrach
I feel ill Я плохо себя чувствую YA ploho sebya chuvstvuyu
I have pain here У меня болит здесь U menya bolit zdes’
Call… Позвоните … Pozvonite …
the police полиция policiya
an ambulance скорая skoraya
the fire brigade пожарная бригада pozharnaya brigada
There’s a fire! Пожар! Pozhar!
Watch out! Осторожно! Ostorozhno!
Stop, thief! Стой, вор! Stoj, vor!
Go away! (formal or plural) Уходите! Uhodite!
Go away! (informal or 1 person) Уходи! Uhodi!
There’s been an accident Произошел несчастный случай Proizoshel neschastnyj sluchaj
Damage Ущерб Ushcherb
Pain Боль Bol’
I’ve been assaulted/attacked На меня напали Na menya napali
I lost my passport Я потерял паспорт. (said by a man);

Я потеряла паспорт. (said by a woman)

YA poteryal pasport.

YA poteryala pasport.

Where is the American embassy?

Where is the British embassy?

Where is the Australian embassy?

Where is the Canadian embassy?

Где находится посольство США?;

Где находится посольство Великобритании?;

Где находится посольство Австралии?;

Где находится посольство Канады?

Gde nahoditsya posol’stvo SSHA?;

Gde nahoditsya posol’stvo Velikobritanii?;

Gde nahoditsya posol’stvo Avstralii?;

Gde nahoditsya posol’stvo Kanady?

the Police station полицейский участок policejskij uchastok

Shopping (Покупки)

English Russian Transliteration
Are you looking for something? (formal) Вы что-то ищете? Vy chto-to ishchete?
Are you looking for something? (informal) Ты что-то ищешь? Ty chto-to ishchesh’?
Can I help you? (formal) Могу ли я вам помочь? Mogu li ya vam pomoch’?
Can I help you? (informal) Могу ли я тебе помочь? Mogu li ya tebe pomoch’?
May I just look? Можно ли мне просто посмотреть? Mozhno li mne prosto posmotret’?
I’m just browsing Я просто смотрю YA prosto smotryu
That’s too expensive! Это слишком дорого! Eto slishkom dorogo!
Can you give me a discount? Вы не могли бы сделать мне скидку? Vy ne mogli by sdelat’ mne skidku?
I’ll buy it! / I’ll take it! Я возьму это YA voz’mu eto
Anything else? Что-то еще? CHto-to eshche?
That’s all, thank you / Nothing else, thank you. Это всё, спасибо. Больше ничего, спасибо. Eto vsyo, spasibo. Bol’she nichego, spasibo.
May I pay with credit card? Можно заплатить кредитной карточкой? Mozhno zaplatit’ kreditnoj kartochkoj?
May I pay with cash? Можно заплатить наличными? Mozhno zaplatit’ nalichnymi?

Expressions of encouragement (Выражения поощрения)

English Russian Transliteration
Congratulations! Поздравляю! Pozdravlyayu!
Well done! Молодец! Molodec!
You can do it! Ты справишься! Ty spravish’sya!
Wonderful! Чудесно! CHudesno!
Great! Замечательно! Zamechatel’no!
Beautiful! Красиво! Krasivo!
Fantastic! Фантастика! Fantastika!
Excellent! Отлично! Otlichno!

Russian Phrases for Travel [Printable Infographic]

Basic Russian words and Essential Russian Phrases Infographic

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Basic Russian words for Travel with Printable and Pronunciation

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